The Crucible Revenge Theme Essay
Show MoreVengeance is the act of taking revenge for a past wrong. In the Crucible, Thomas Putnam and Abigail Williams both took advantage of circumstances to carry out vengeance against different people.
For the case of Abigail Williams, she made use of the paranoia of the witchcraft trials to her advantage to carry out personal vengeance against Elizabeth Proctor. Firstly, she amplifies the townsfolk’s’ fear of the supernatural by pretending she was being attacked by witches. By pretending she was being attacked by an invisible bird sent out by Mary Warren (“why do you come, yellow bird?”) and accusing countless people of witchcraft, Abigail sows discord and fear amongst the staunch Puritian villagers, by making them suspicious of one another and…show more content…
Hence, we can see that getting revenge on Elizabeth Proctor was a matter of great personal importance to Abigail. She does so by accusing Elizabeth of witchcraft and Danforth believes her and Elizabeth is arrested. When Elizabeth was tried later, much of the evidence against her was Abigail's word against hers, and although she was never convicted or sentenced like the other victims, the mere fact that she, a respected farmer’s wife, could be convicted shows that the law then was being manipulated by Abigail for motives like vengeance. John Proctor’s quote “now the crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom” sums up the situation of how common vengeance was writing, manipulating and influencing the law to a large extent then.
Thomas Putnam was another who manipulated the situation in order to carry out matters of personal vengeance. The writer has informed readers that the Putnams did not like the Nurse family clan due to past grievances (the candidate the Nurses backed for the Ministry trumping the candidate the Putnams backed, and such), and in the light of the witchcraft trials, the Putnams carried out vengeance against the Nurses, most notably Rebecca Nurse, by supporting the witchcraft trials, which worked in his favour as it served to discredit the Nurses as well as to distress them emotionally. Thomas Putnam can also
Revenge is often characterized as getting payback on a person or thing in order to gain self satisfaction. People sometimes go through extreme troubles in order to get revenge. The theme of revenge plays an important part in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible. It directly affects the actions and emotions of the characters, and the mood of the play.
towards someone, and they look towards revenge to fulfill their wishes. In the play, the characters get revenge on their fellow townspeople by accusing them of being involved with witchcraft. By doing this, they use the church as a medium for persecution and aren’t directly involved with the almost certain death of the accused. Even though no witchcraft was really ever practiced, if one plead guilty they would not be killed. Although they have, in turn, saved their own life, they have committed a moral sin.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">As the characters are faced with such a difficult decision, they are faced with the dilemma of lying to save their life, or standing up for what they believe in and dying. This problem affects the characters mentally and emotionally. Among the accused were John Proctor and Rebecca Nurse. These two people had the courage that it took to stand up for their beliefs and ultimately died because of it. Throughout the play the townspeople of Salem are terrorized by the fear of being accused. They soon become scared of life itself. The people no longer know how to live a normal life and carry out their duties freely, as they are persecuted by their peers for any, and every reason.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The theme of revenge greatly affects the mood of the play as well. As the play starts out there is a general feeling of mischief in the air, but as the events unfold this mischief turns to utter spite and revenge. As the characters blame their foes of practicing witchcraft, a sense of darkness seems to come over the town of Salem. Innocent people are accused by the dozens, many of them dying because they stood up for their belief in God and would not lie.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Given these facts, the theme of revenge reeks havoc among the Puritans of Salem, Massachusetts. Constantly being threatened by death has an adverse effect on the people. This directly affects the mood and tone of the play. The actions of characters such as John Proctor and Rebecca Nurse instill a great moral in the reader by showing them that if you are firm in your beliefs of God nothing can harm you. Ultimately, these actions speak louder than words, and in the end, it is God who will have the final revenge.</p>