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Dbq Absolutism And Democracy Essay

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1 Absolutism and Democracy DBQ

2 Document 1 (Machiavelli)
Question: According to Machiavelli, what type of ruler must the prince be? Why is it necessary for him to rule in this manner?Answer: Rulers need to be strict and to be feared because people in general are untrustworthy. People should fear rather than love their ruler in order to maintain control

3 Document 2 (King James I)
Question: What type of government does King James describe? Why does he believe it should be organized in this way?Answer: Absolute Monarchy. King James I believes in the divine right to rule of kings. He feels he is God’s representative on Earth, and there are no limitations to his power.

4 Document 3 (King Louis XIV)
Question: What type of government does King Louis describe? Why does he recommend this type of government?Answer: Absolute Monarchy. He recommends this because it is easier for 1 person to rule and make decisions. It is in the best interest of the state for the king to have all the power.

5 Document 4 (Voltaire)Question: What type of government does Voltaire recommend? What specific freedom does he feel is essential?Answer: Democracy. Freedom of Speech is essential.

6 Document 5 (Locke)Question: Why is government established, according to Locke? What type of government does Locke describe? Under what circumstances can the people revolt?Answer: Governments are established to protect people’s natural rights(life, liberty, property). He describes a Democracy. People can revolt if the government is taking away/not protecting their natural rights.

7 Document 6 (Montesquieu)
Question: What type of government does Montesquieu describe? Why does he believe it should be organized in this way?Answer: Democracy. He stresses the importance of dividing power so that no one branch or person has all the power(absolute monarchy). He created the idea of “checks and balances” and branches of government.

8 Final QuestionWhat form of government was most effective—democracy or absolutism—for the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Europe?Must use at least 3 documentsParagraph formYou may incorporate outside information

9 Thesis Writing Your argument/answer to the question
Must be clear, concise, and well writtenWrite your thesis now-be prepared to share

10 Outline Writing Introduction Body Paragraph One Body Paragraph Two
Attention grabberThesisbridgeBody Paragraph OneTopic SentenceDocuments?Body Paragraph TwoBody Paragraph ThreeConclusionRestate thesis

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were two main forms of government. The two main forms of government were democracy and absolutism. Both of these types of government were effective in there own ways. Absolutism was the most effective type of government during that time period. Absolutism is when the ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people of their nation. Many

rulers had a democracy government but absolutism was more effective because the rulers had all the power and it was hard to take advantage of them instead of a democracy where many rulers can get over thrown by the people of that country.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Two forms of government that were used during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were democracy and absolutism. Both of these forms of governments were effective in there own ways, absolutism was more effective. Machiavelli wrote &#8220;The Prince&#8221; which was a simply a textbook on monarchy. He said the best way to rule was to be feared. Machiavelli wrote in his book that &#8220;Men have less hesitation in offending a man who is loved than one who is feared, for love is held by a bond of obligation which, as men are wicked, is broken whenever personal advantage suggests it&#8221; (Document 1). King James I also believed that absolutism was the way to rule. He thought that kings were like gods therefore he believed in divine right. Divine Right is the authority to rule directly from God.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&#8220;The state of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth; for kings are not only God&#8217;s lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon God&#8217;s throne, but even by God himself they are called gods&#8221; (Document 2). Another person that ruled in absolutism was Thomas Hobbes. He felt that people were naturally cruel unless controlled strictly by law. He was not very popular because John Locke overshadowed him. Hobbes wrote a book named &#8220;Leviathan&#8221; says that life would be constant warfare without a strong government to control man&#8217;s natural impulses.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Even though absolutism was the most common form of government during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries many rulers believed in democracy. Democracy is power of the people under a free electoral system. Some people that believe in democracy were King Louis XIV, John Locke, Voltaire, and Montesquieu. King Louis XIV said, &#8220;The interest of the state must come first&#8221;(Document 3). Voltaire believed in freedom of speech. He said &#8220;I may disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it&#8221; (Document 4). John Locke, who wrote the Two Treaties on Government, believed that people were born with natural rights, which were &#8220;life, liberty and property&#8221;, and he also believed that the government had to protect these rights. Montesquieu wrote &#8220;The Spirit of the Laws&#8221; believed in separation of powers. In his book it says &#8220;There can be no liberty where the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are united in one person of body of persons, because such concentration is bound to result in arbitrary despotism&#8221;. Those three powers became the 3 branches of government that separated the power of our government (Document 6).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were two forms of government. Both of these types of government were good but overall absolutism was better because the ruler had more power and control.</p>

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