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Essay In Red Fort Agra

Agra Fort is also known as Red Fort in Agra. Agra fort is one of the most ancient historical monuments built of sandstone on the riverbank of Yamuna in Agra (UP) by Emperor Akbar.

Agra fort was developed as a representation of the strongest uphold of the Mughals in India.

Site: Developed and decorated in the Mughal art and architectural design it was constructed by 3rd emperor of Mughal dynasty- Akbar, on the ancient site remains of Badalgarh.

Who developed it? The original construction of Red Fort in Agra was done by Akbar but every descendant thereafter constructed some new building or palace etc. within it. Therefore, at one single place we observe monuments having been erected by Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan and even Aurangzeb.

Some historians believe that the site where present Red Fort constructed by Akbar is situated was the place where the Chauhan Rajputs had their Badalgarh fort. That was the centre of Rajputs might in those days. Jahangir writes in his Memoirs that his father, Akbar, demolished an existing fort, situated on the bank of Jamuna and constructed the Red Fort here. Some historians believe that the Badalgarh Fort was probably destroyed by an earthquake in 1505, which was later cleared by Akbar and the foundation of the new Red Fort lay at the same place.

When was it developed? Agra fort was developed under hard work of 8 complete years from 1565-1573.

Cost: In those days it entailed a total cost of 35 lacs of rupees. Complete details about this fort are available in the royal accounts of Akbar’s days.

Architecture: The main responsibility of its construction was given to Mohammad Kasim Khan, Akbar’s commander-in-chief and the Governor of Kabul. Architecture: The Red fort at Agra is spread over a triangular area of one and a half miles. Its walls are 70 feet high and are made of strong red-stone. In those days Jamuna used to flow past touching its wall. There are trenches along three sides of these walls wherein the water of Jamuna used to flow. Several holes have been constructed in it so that the enemy can be easily fired and there are arrangements to bombard the enemy positions from the wall.

There are four high entrances to the fort. The gate in the South direction is known as Amar Singh Gate. The main buildings in the fort are situated just behind this very gate. The gate in the front is known as Delhi Gate. These are the two main gates. The remaining two gates are closed.


The fort can be termed a vast museum of buildings wherein each of the Mughal emperors contributed something.

  • Agra fort has a historical significance of being developed as the spot to safeguard the huge treasure, including “The Kohinoor”, as baoli (step-wall). Later it was further gradually developed with the upcoming of every Mughal emperor into “Badalgarh”.
  • The Agra fort has significance due to its proximity to Taj Mahal with the most attracting significance of attracting max tourists to watch the beauty of a walled city.
  • It is also known as the ‘Red Sandstone Fortress’.
  • It signifies one of the strongest evidence of Mughal strength and strategy.

Mughal Emperor Akbar had built every necessary building inside the fort in the same way as he had done at Fatehpur Sikri. Since he had already established Fatehpur Sikri he followed the same pattern of buildings at Agra. Worth mention among these buildings are Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Jodhabai Palace and Emperor’s own palaces.

Tourism and Tourist Attracting Factors

  • It is the nearest historical monument to the Taj Mahal
  • It is an epitome of picturesque beauty
  • Its historical background attracts tourists
  • This fort is in the form of a walled city

Conclusion: Being a representation of the great historical origin and honour, this is one of must visit monuments when in Agra.

Note: Edited with the help of input article on ‘Agra Fort’, contributed by ‘Sehba’.

Category: Places in IndiaTagged With: Agra, Monuments

Red Fort is the fort built of red sandstone by the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan in the centre of Delhi. It is a historical monument of India having number of museums with various historical antiques.

Essay on Red Fort

Red Fort is one of the great historical monuments in India. Students are given this topic in their schools to write some lines or paragraphs or narrate in order to make them aware about the cultural and historical asset of India. We are here to help students by giving simple paragraph and essay on Red Fort. They can select any Red Fort essay according to their class standard:

Red Fort Essay 1 (100 words)

The Red Fort is a great historical monument in the India. It is located in the centre of Delhi (New Delhi). It was constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. Delhi was the capital of Mughals until British government had exiled Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1857. It is located at the bank of Yamuna River. The wall of the Red Fort is constructed using 30 meters high stones. It took around nine years to be completed. It is also known as Lal Qila of New Delhi. It enhances the glory of the capital of the country for many years. It is made up of using red stones and marbles by the skilled architecture of that time.

Red Fort Essay 2 (150 words)

Red Fort is one of the great monuments of the India. It is located in the New Delhi in the centre of the city. Red Fort is the most glorifying among many historical buildings in the capital of the country. It is very famous all through the world. It has become the glory of India and people from many corners of the world come here to have a look. It was built by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1648 by the help of skilled architecture of that time. It is built using very long red stones and took approximately nine years in getting completed.

It is situated at very approximately places at the bank of Yamuna River. It is located in front of the Chandni Chowk market in Delhi. It is very beautifully designed from inner and outer side. It has a big and grand museum inside having residues the Mughal time as an historical asset. There is a Diwan-e-Am as a hall of Public Audience. It also has a Diwan-e-Khas for meeting purposes.

Red Fort Essay 3 (200 words)

Red Fort is located in New Delhi in the centre of the city. It is also known as the Hindustani Lal Quila as it is built using red-sandstones. It is originally known as Blessed Fort means Quila-i-Mubarak from the ancient time. Mughal emperors of India were used to live here for many years around 200 years until 1857. It has a big museum, a Diwan-e-Am (for Public Audience) and a Diwan-e-Khas (for meeting purposes). It was built by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1648 at the bank of the Yamuna River. It was built as the equipped palace of Shahjahanabad (capital of 5th Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan).

It is situated adjacent to the older Salimgarh Fort which was constructed by Islam Shah Suri in the year 1546. Both are connected through the water channel called Stream of Paradise (Nahr-i-Behisht). It was designed to be built in innovative architectural style using Islamic prototypes including mixture of Timurid, Persian and Hindu traditions. It has been taken under the World Heritage Site in 2007 by the UNESCO. An Indian flag is hoisted by the PM every year on 15th of August on the main gate of this iconic symbol of country.

Red Fort Essay 4 (250 words)

Red Fort is the most beautiful historical monument of India. It is located in New Delhi in the centre of the city. It was constructed by the Shah Jahan (the grandson of great Mughal Emperor, Akbar). It is beautifully designed and built after planning of the skilled architectures in the architectural style. It has become the centre of the political achievements and administrative innovations in the country. It is one of the famous historical architectural master pieces like Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid, The Peacock Throne, Moti Masjid, etc. Shah Jahan ruled here from 1627 to 1658 for 31 years (golden age in architecture and fine arts of Mughals).

He ordered the highly skilled and professional architectures to design and built a Red Fort using red sandstone at the west bank of the river Yamuna. It has a museum, beautiful structures like Rang Mahal, Moti Mahal, Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas. The surroundings of the pavilion have been decorated using precious gems, valuable stones, and silver linings. Diwan-i-Khas is beautifully designed and has its walls engraved with following text “If there is anywhere Paradise on earth, It is this, it is this, and it is this”. A Diwan-i-Aam is also built inside it as a Hall of public audience. Another superb structure like Pearl mosque or Moti Masjid is built near the Rang Mahal. Shah Jahan was very famous Mughal emperor and known as the “prince of builders”. At every Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India hoists a national flag here.

Red Fort Essay 5 (300 words)

Red Fort or Lal Quila is the national symbol of the country. It is the most beautiful and innovatively designed historical monuments of the India. There are many historical places all over the India however it is most glorifying and attractive. It is designed and built very beautifully by the highly skilled architectures. It is a historical symbol of country and has become a monument of educational and historical value. Parents are generally go there in the vacations of their children to give them some knowledge about the historical place and monument. It has become the most important place for students visit.

Red Fort is located at the bank of Yamuna River in the centre of the city, New Delhi. It was constructed by the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1648 during 17th century. It is built using red stones. It is the place of great historical value and located near the Salimgarh Fort in Delhi. Other historical places in Delhi near to the Red Fort are Qutab Minar, Humayun’s Tomb, etc. My school principal arranges a trip every year for us to visit the Red Fort. We have to submit an assignment over the red fort after our visit. It is the place of attraction for the people of many countries.

It is one of the most famous tourist destinations in India where a big crowd of the people come every year from many countries. Prime Minister of the India hoist a national Flag here (on the ramparts of the Lahori Gate) every year on the most important Indian occasion of Independence Day, 15th of August. It has been selected as one of the World Heritage Sites in 2007 by the UNESCO.


Red Fort Essay 6 (400 words)

Red Fort is also known as Lal Qila and located in the centre of the city. It is the masterpiece of the historical architecture and one of the attractive spots for tourists many countries. In order to make it as usual and save it as a historical asset of the country, it is maintained time to time by the Indian government. It was built by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan in the year 1648 in the 17th century at the bank of the Yamuna River. It is situated in the New Delhi near to the Salimgarh Fort. On the Independence Day of India, prime minister unfurls the national flag here. Red Fort contains many beautiful structures within it (like Rang Mahal or Palace of Colours, Mumtaz Mahal, Khas Mahal, hammam, Shah Burj, Diwan-e-Khas, Diwan-i-Khas, Nahar-e-Bishisht (Canal of Paradise), etc). It is built using the red stones and designed by the highly skilled and professional architectures. On the first floor, there is a War Memorial Museum is housed.

Sheesh Mahal (means Sheesh-mirrors and mahal-palace) is situated in the northern and southern sections. There is a well designed Khas Mahal (Emperor’s Palace) as a special room for private purposes like worship or sleeping. A nice balcony in designed using the white marbles projecting towards the banks of Yamuna River. There is a well designed Peacock Throne. The text “if there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, and it is this” is engraved on the walls of it. There is a Shah Burj is designed in the palace for the emperor’s private conclaves and relax in privacy. A Moti Masjid also called Pearl mosque which was added in the palace by the emperor Aurangzeb. It contains three domes and looks very elegance. North to the Moti Masjid, there is a Hayat Baksh means a Mughal garden which was built by the Shahjahan.

There is a Royal Tower of Shah Burj where lively gatherings and feasts was held. Red Fort of Delhi is considered as the greatest of Mughal Palaces and known as the heart of Shah Jahan’s empire. Red Fort has become a grand and attractive place for the tourists from the India as well as abroad and serving the country for many years. Last year I went to the Red Fort with my parents where I enjoyed a lot and got lots of knowledge about the fort including its history.

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